Ukraine: fear of superfluity
Ukraine and the German press publishers have a lot in common: both are worried about revenues that could be eliminated by technical innovations. And both are hoping for the EU to prevent this. The press publishers therefore urged the new copyright adopted this week by the EU Parliament Plenary, which should redirect profits into their pockets (cf Overstretched MEPs or too complicated system?). The de facto upload filter obligation that it contains violates the coalition agreement of the German Federal Government.
The fact that their ministers nevertheless agreed is due to speculation that the French President Emmanuel Macron, who wants to introduce this filtering obligation as soon as possible, in return approved the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline in return (see upload filter: Federal Government is behind the EU Copyright reform and extension of the EU Gas Directive with exceptions).
Nord Stream 2 is one of the technical innovations that Ukraine is afraid of losing revenue from gas transit. The more natural gas that flows through them, the less must potentially be pumped through the Druzba line, which was built in the 1970s. Therefore, in order to accommodate Ukraine, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has told Russian President Vladimir Putin to continue to channel natural gas for EU countries through the Druzhba pipeline, even after Nord Stream 2's commissioning, if economically feasible.
However, Nord Stream 2 is not the only problem for the Ukraine (see Ukraine becoming an insecure gas transit country). Apart from this pipeline, another one is being built, which runs from the Russian port of Anapa through the Black Sea and lands in Kıyıköy in the European part of Turkey. From there, after completion, 15.75 billion cubic meters of gas can flow to Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary and other European countries every year. Originally, it was planned to land this pipeline directly in Bulgaria, which prevented the EU (see end of South Stream).
So far, Bulgaria is sourcing gas from the Trans-Balkan pipeline, which, like the Druzhba line, runs through Ukraine. This pipeline could be shut down when operated by Gazprom's wholly owned subsidiary South Stream Transport B.V. built Turkish Stream route is put into operation. Speculation that this could be planned, the Russian energy group Gazprom awarded, inter alia, by reporting food, it is planned to provide the buyers in Bulgaria from the end of 2019 on the new line. The Bulgarian Minister of Energy Temenushka Petkowa therefore assumes that the $ 110 million transit fees for the Trans-Balkan Pipeline will flow this year only this year.
Although urged by Brussels not to allow the Turkish Stream to continue, Serbia has nevertheless granted a permit on 5 March. Bulgarian pipeline operator Bulgartransgas plans to commence construction of the route there in April. The Hungarian Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó therefore expects that his country will be supplied with Russian natural gas from the new pipeline from the second half of 2021 and has already concluded a corresponding agreement with Gazprom. "The more gas pipelines," the Fidesz politician said, "the better". A similar view was reached in the Italian government, which also wants to join their country to the Turkish Stream pipeline. (Peter Mühlbauer)