Producers start harvesting garlic and the outlook is for a bigger crop this season
Campo Grande, MS
Rio de Janeiro - RJ
Posted on 14/07/2016 10:29
Large producers achieve a productivity of up to 15 tons of garlic per hectare. Harvest and import periods are expected to put pressure on prices. The cultivated area registered an increase of 20% in this harvest and Goiás and Minas Gerais are the main producers of garlic. Farmers invest in cold cameras to store the produce and sell after the peak of harvest.
Brazilian rural producers have started harvesting the garlic crop and the outlook is favorable for both production and product quality this season. The area used for planting the crop registered an increase of 20% in this cycle and in the main producing states, Minas Gerais, Goiás and Bahia, the climate contributed to the development of crops.
The president of Anapa (National Association of Garlic Producers), Rafael Corsino, points out that the drier weather helped in the control of diseases. “In the main producing regions, the rains stopped as of March, so the planting was carried out smoothly. And when it rains a lot we have an attack of soil and leaf diseases, which ends up harming the plantations, but this year was different ”, reinforces the leadership.
Given this scenario, the projection is also positive for crop productivity. The average income is different in each producing region and varies depending on the level of investment made by farmers. “However, all producers registered an increase in productivity. We have the big ones with gains of up to 20% in yield, reaching up to 15 tons per hectare. The small ones who harvested 10 tons are now harvesting close to 12 tons per hectare ”, says Corsino.
On the other hand, the prospect is for lower prices amid the intensification of harvesting work for the crop. At the same time, imports of the product from Argentina, China and Spain also contribute to increasing pressure on values.
“At this moment, we have values between R $ 12.00 to R $ 15.00 / kg to the producer, however, in supermarkets the value reaches R $ 30.00 to R $ 40.00 a box with 10 kilos. Normally, prices are not so high in this period, but we had a crop failure in China and Argentina in 2016, which affected the entire world garlic market. And prices are favorable for producers to capitalize ”, signals the president of Anapa.
In addition, it should be noted that production costs have risen around 20% this season, especially due to the appreciation of foreign exchange and labor. Still according to Corsino, the average costs were close to R $ 70 thousand to R $ 80 thousand per hectare, however the values increased to R $ 110 thousand per hectare in this harvest.
“With that, the production of a box of garlic reaches producers R $ 80.00. However, large producers have already prepared for this moment in the market and invested in cold cameras. In this way, the farmer is able to store the product and sell it in the following months, from November to March. This measure helps to take some of the supply off the market and, consequently, contributes to producers who do not have the same structure, it has been a good strategy ”, explains Corsino.
Another concern of the sector is related to garlic imports, since some companies do not pay the taxes imposed by the Brazilian government. The association's president also says that since 1994, there has been an anti-dumping tariff on garlic from China, a way to protect the Brazilian producer.
“And we also have Letec (List of Exceptions to the Common External Tariff) so when the importer arrives with garlic in Brazil, he pays a 35% tax rate. However, when these measures are not complied with, they affect the national producer's margin, as they end up competing in a predatory and unfair manner with our production chain. We are trying to combat these practices, but if they continue, we may declare the bankruptcy of many Brazilian farmers ”, concludes Corsino.RECEIVE OUR NEWSLETTER IN YOUR E-MAIL!
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