Itamaraty to debate crisis caused by imports to the garlic sector
Itamaraty will discuss garlic imports from China, Argentina and Spain, said Chancellor Ernesto Araújo to the executive director of Anapa (National Association of Garlic Producers), Ronaldo Troncha. The gold industry has complained for years about unfair competition from these countries, due to non-compliance with the anti-dumping tariff, in addition to triangulation and under-invoicing.
Araújo discussed the matter with the Anapa executive at the end of the Agribusiness Diplomacy seminar, held last Thursday (13th), at Itamaraty, in Brasília. Troncha emphasized to the Minister of Foreign Affairs that the competitiveness of the sector depends on the collection of the anti-dumping tariff on all imported Chinese garlic, regardless of any classification.
The executive director of Anapa informed the chancellor that today the sector grows 11 thousand hectares of garlic, but can increase the capacity, in five years, to 15 thousand hectares, if there is government support in the fight against illegalities practiced in imports of the product.
Recently, garlic producers made a demonstration, in front of the Federal Court, in Brasília, against the injunctions granted to garlic importers in Rio de Janeiro exempting them from paying the anti-tax tariff.
According to Anapa, the country has a monthly loss of R $ 300 million due to the non-payment of the amounts related to the import tariff. In 2017, losses to public coffers, adds Anapa, totaled R $ 156 billion.
Most of the imported product without the anti-dumping duty, by court order, comes from China. According to Anapa, the 10kg product box, coming from the Chinese market, enters Brazil at R $ 50.
In order to produce the same 10 kilos, the Brazilian farmer spends R $ 78. So, there is a difference of R $ 28 between national and imported garlic, pointed out the president of Anapa, Rafael Jorge Corsino, in an interview with AGROemDIA in last month.
The sector's survival, warns Corsino, depends on maintaining the anti-dumping tariff and ending the injunctions for importers. The garlic production chain is made up of about 5,000 farmers, of which 4,500 are small producers in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, Bahia and Piauí. The rest are in Minas Gerais, Goiás and the Federal District.
Anapa projections indicate that the sector should lay off about 20 thousand rural workers this year due to the crisis caused by the granting of injunctions and high production costs.
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