Bulgarian efforts to implement the European thread TurkStream

Bulgarian efforts to implement the European thread TurkStream Bulgarian efforts to implement the European thread TurkStream

On 31 January, the Bulgarian state transmission system operator Bulgartransgaz announced the successful completion of a binding procedure for testing the market demand for transmission capacity (the so-called open season) of the planned new transit gas pipeline, which is to run through Bulgaria from the Turkish border to the border with Serbia. The connection would send Russian gas to Southern and Central Europe from the TurkStream gas pipeline connecting the Russian port of Anapa with the Turkish Kıyıköy through the Black Sea. The construction of the offshore gas pipeline with two threads of TurkStream with a capacity of 15.75 billion m3 each was completed by Gazprom in November 2018. Deliveries with the first thread of the gas pipeline are to be intended for the Turkish market; the second is to be sent gas for export to the markets of southern Europe.

The Bulgartransgaz investment would enable Bulgaria's transit role to be maintained should gas transmission from Russia cease through Ukraine, and Bulgaria's plans to create a Balkan Gas Hub. As part of the market demand test procedure started in December 2018, three economic tests took place. Three entities submitted binding offers: Gazprom, MET Group (Hungarian company currently based in Switzerland) and Bulgartransgaz. As a result, 100% of the capacity was reserved (about 18 billion m3 annually) at the Turkey-Bulgaria border point and 11 billion m3 at the Bulgaria-Serbia border point. Reservations were made for a period of 20 years. 550 km of additional gas pipelines are needed to make the transit connection. On the planned route, there is only a 155 km section Strandja - Prowadia. In December 2018, Bulgartransgaz announced a tender for the design, purchase of necessary equipment and materials, and construction of the longest Bulgarian part of the gas pipeline (Zlatina-Kireewo). According to the plans of the Bulgarian transmission system operator, the construction of the new infrastructure would cost about 1.4 billion euros and last until the end of 2019.

The most important existing, implemented and planned gas pipelines in Central and Southeastern Europe
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