Black spot on human history: Circassian exile

Black spot on human history: Circassian exile

The Caucasus-Russian tsarist war, which Russia started in 1556 in order to seize the North Caucasus due to its policy of landing on the Black Sea coast, lasted for 308 years.

Moving into the inner parts of the Caucasus Mountains by destroying the Circassians, the Russians forced the surrenderers to either join the Tsarist army or emigrate.

According to unofficial figures, around 1.5 million Circassians were exiled within a month, while about 500,000 Circassians died due to road conditions, epidemics and hunger.

Those who were exiled were put on ships from Black Sea ports such as Anapa, Novorossiysk, Gelincik, Sochi, Adler, and many of them were placed in Ordu, Samsun, Tokat, Amasya, Sinop, Yozgat, Duzce, Adapazari, Kocaeli in Anatolia.

Some of the Circassians were settled in the Middle East, especially in Syria and Palestine. The Circassians, who were exiled, gradually became involved with the indigenous people.

The Circassians, who could not be sent to the Ottoman Empire, were settled in the Russian Kazakh villages in the Central Laba and Central Kuban rivers.

This exile, where thousands of people died before they even reached the Ottoman territories, is described as one of the most painful events in history.

Circassian exile as a black mark on the history of mankind each year is known by the Circassians in Turkey. Commemoration ceremonies held at the seaside by burning "Nart fire" and "tomb watch" around it ends with the reading of "The Commemoration of Exile".