ANAPA defends small producers and Government maintains Antidumping Tariff on Garlic from China - Justice in Focus
By Ronaldo Nóbrega | CEO editor & nbsp; Justice in Focus
The Special Secretariat for Foreign Trade and International Affairs (SECEX) published Ordinance No. 4,593 of October 2, 2019 today (03/10). The standard maintains an anti-dumping tariff of US $ 0.78 on each kilo (kg) of the Chinese garlic imported into Brazil. This is an achievement of the National Association of Garlic Producers (ANAPA) and a wise decision by the Ministry of Economy.
The newsroom on the website “Justiça em Foco” had already denounced the practice of dumping on Chinese garlic imports. This ruse is widely used by large industries to monopolize a segment of trade through artificial prices. In the specific case, China is responsible for over 80% of the world's garlic production. & Nbsp;
Therefore, the World Trade Organization (WTO) regulates anti-dumping duties, which are a kind of “fine” for those who use this unfair practice. After extensive analysis by SECEX, it was found that the anti-dumping tariff on Chinese garlic should be extended for another 5 years “applied to Brazilian imports of fresh or chilled garlic, regardless of any classifications by type, class, group or subgroup”.
In addition to equalizing the rules of the game, this measure guarantees jobs in the national industry. According to ANAPA, the cultivation of garlic in Brazil is extremely linked to labor, generating about 4 jobs per hectare planted. Based on IBGE data, it is estimated that from 2013 to 2018, only garlic production generated 4,500 new jobs in the field, totaling more than 42,700 employees distributed in more than 4,800 productions. This pulverized characteristic of garlic producers strengthens family farming in 13 of the 27 Brazilian states and keeps the domestic industry active.
It is worth mentioning that the work of SECEX, headed by Undersecretary Marcos Prado Troyjo, was well detailed in a report of more than 200 pages that covered the entire historical context, which listened to interested parties and that applied the relevant national and international legislation to arrive at the conclusion that: “once the probability of continuation of the practice of dumping in garlic exports from China to Brazil and of the probability of resumption of damage to the domestic industry resulting from this practice has been proven, under the terms of §2 of art. 107 of the Brazilian Regulation, the anti-dumping duty applied to Brazilian imports of garlic originating in China must be extended without change, in the amount of US $ 0.78 / kg. ”.
ANAPA is victorious in this long dispute that has been going on since 1994 and which has undergone successive revisions until the latter. In the end, the main beneficiary is the rural producer and the national garlic production industry. The Ministry of Economy, headed by Paulo Guedes (photo), & nbsp; did its job on time, respected all deadlines and promoted the maintenance of good market laws aimed at fairness in commercial relations. & Nbsp;& nbsp;
The electronic magazine Justiça em Foco is an independent publication, based in Brasília / DF, formerly called ExJure - created in 2004, with the objective of publishing journalistic content in the area of Justice, in addition to the main events that interfere in the life of the citizen , in politics or in the union area.